What’s Observation Research?‖ Earn Money Sharing Great Tips

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Are you asking what’s observation research? Well…This article, though it’s a didactic post, is going to clarify this point.

It’s a post used to show those interested in earning money from home online how giving answer to confusing topics can be lucrative. Read what’s Observation research is.

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If you’re a researcher/teacher….not interested in this money-making online subject, just read from the headline below…

Title: Observing Keluarga Mahasiswa Pascasarjana’s Services at YS University

Do you confuse observation research with observation as a data collection instrument? This post is for you…Be empowered to do the right research…..

INTRODUCTION

Background

Qualitative Research has been considered by some not scientific research per se. From the topics dealt with, population and sampling, sampling techniques have been the critiques’ target by postmodernist positivism, (Denzin & Lincoln, 1994). The post-positivists also condemn qualitative research for its availability to subjectivity.

That is why researchers in social sciences and psychology started claiming for the consideration of qualitative research as scientific as any other research that seeks to explain or to resolve a given problem in society. Qualitative researchers have always commented on some of the critics from the camp with different views.

For the claim by quantitative researchers that qualitative researches are subjective, Peshkin (1978) explains that researcher subjectivity is unavoidable: it is present from the choice of topics, formulating hypotheses, selecting methods, and interpreting data. He further puts this question:

Why does one scholar choose to study the metabolism of toads? Why does another pursue   research topics that require experimental methods?

It is then well-shown that rather instead of saying that subjectivity is invariable component is the research, researchers always and have to bring their subjectivity in the process of shaping their whole inquiries and outcomes to objectivity.

Among data collecting instruments, interview, self-report, observations, written documents and many other artefacts like pictures are a common practice in qualitative researches. 

These instruments too are an object of criticism and all grounded on the knot that outcomes deriving in research like that used any these to collect data will lack validity and reliability. But on this point too, adherents of qualitative research have their own norms to valid data and to corroborate for reliable findings.

Since observation as one of the instruments for data collection is the topic, it is worth describing a bit about the object to be observed, i.e., the service offered to graduate students by their association known as KMP (Keluarga Mahasiswa Pascasarjana) at Yogyakarta State University (Java Island, Indonesia).

The existence of KMP derives from the common trend that any social group always organizes itself for the sake of unity or survival. That is why even at the worldwide level, we have big umbrella organizations which lead the world—following the mission, vision and goals for each time—to a good destiny, to welfare.

Even in small institutions like universities, it is a common practice that students have always envisioned to work together, claim something together, and enjoy benefits together. But this has always been thoroughly achieved after students have launched grouping organization, their “association.”

So KMP fulfils the characteristics of what ….termed group: “a collection of people who not only share some attribute but also identify with one another and have ongoing social relations—like a family, a Star Trek fan club, a soccer team, a sorority, or the guys you play poker with every month.” Since it is a group of PPs students, it is an education-leaning group, and its attributes are both observable academically and socially.

Problem formulation

Based on the topic at hand and the context (observing KMP’s service to membership), i.e observation as a data collection instrument in qualitative research, the problem can be formulated as follows:

  • How can observation be used to collect data related to KMP service to its member?
  • How can one verify the validity of data collected through observing how KMP serves its members?
  • The objectives of this work

This work seeks to:

  • Show how a qualitative researcher can collect data about KMP’s service to its membership with observation
  • Account for some requirements for data collected through observation to be valid/verified
  • Show observation strengths and pitfalls together with factors influencing it
  • Observation as data collecting instrument
  • Definition

Many authors paraded in defining the concept of “observation.” From a remote history of humanity, great philosophers expressed themselves about observation.  Adler &Adler, in Denzin & Lincoln (1994:277), retrace this fact from Aristotle up to Herodotus:

…as long as people have been interested in studying the social and natural world around them, observation has served as the bedrock source of human knowledge. Early classicists rooted their understanding of the world, from Aristotle’s botanical observations on the island of Lesbos to Herodotus’ chronicled observations of Greco-Persian wars, in their own visions, travels, and direct experience…Comte, the founder of sociology, elucidated that observation is one of the four core research methods…..

This quote proves historically how observation was valued by great and renowned philosophers who supportively said that observation has been the source of knowledge for human being where other research methods could not help. The same statement is also displayable in Nasution (1988) through Sugiyono (2010: 310) who stipulates that observation is the basis of all sciences.

It is worth stressing through observation, a researcher observes activities or behaviours in the natural and social world around us by using the five senses, i.e. sight, smell, hearing, and we can even touch.

So, we observe the form of activities, events, object, condition or moods, feelings and emotions of subjects/objects. Through observation, researchers not only learn about behaviours but they also get the meaning of such behaviours.

The observation is performed to obtain a real picture of an event or events to answer research questions (Lincoln and Guba, 1981, pp. 191-193).

Marshall (1995) and Faisal (1990) in Sugiyono (ibid) also commented on observation, each with his own added value: The former said that

through observation, the researcher learns about behaviours and the meaning attached to those behaviours.

 By this perspective, he joins Lincoln and Guba’s view as stated in the previous lines. Faisal in his turn classifies observation as a data collecting instrument, a point that will be much focused later.

  • Objects/Subjects observed

In this case, before observing anything else, the observer looked at posts and posits outside and inside the room lodging the very YSU graduate student’s association. These things are worth being stressed on:

  • KMP’s Vision, mission and goals
  • KMP’s detailed Expenditure/Expenses use
  •  Pictures
  • Posters of already planned-forthcoming and past workshops
  • List of research books and their related normal-discounted prices
  • Registration of participants in forthcoming workshops and seminars by KMP committee members

THE VISION OF THE KMP UNY

The realization of the scholars who are pious, independent, professional, and outstanding international

 THE MISSION OF KMP UNY

i) Accompany students in increasing piety, independence and sharp mind/intellect.

ii) Empower students in attaining their potential, innovative, and creative ideas

iii) Promote students’ aspirations;

iv) Build an internal and external network

v) Contribute significantly to the community

This serves as the pillar, the reason why KMP exists and the objectives it seeks to achieve for its membership. When one observes such strong KMP’s vision and mission, the observer (researcher) then asks himself how such a vision-mission can be attained. Lifting the eyes on the other corner of the room, there is a detailed list of expenses and sponsor.

  • KMP’s detailed Expenditure/Expenses use

This detailed expenditure and related accomplished activities appear in a well-tabled format, detailing month, list of activities and related expenses. Most of the time, a recurrent sponsor is UNY.

  • Pictures

Pictures are movable, motionless by their own, but serve a great role at KMP: pictures are proof or evidence informing its sponsors and membership about expenses and related activities. There are: labelled-pictures on brochures displaying KMP’s committee visits, workshops, seminar and social activities under its umbrella, briefly any KMP activity is shot a related picture, and this serves the end of proof for he who would doubt or be interested in KMP accounts and expenditures.

  • Posters of already planned-forthcoming and past workshops

This is related to KMP’s chief-objective of raising PPs students’ autonomous, intellectual, potential, creative and innovative spirit. KMP committee cannot offer this by its own, but steps forward and invites experts who can form, inform, lecture, mentor, coach and expose their consultancy to YSU graduate students.

This occurs during seminars, workshops and symposium initiated by KMP.  All this shows that KMP serves well for the membership’s intellectual maturity. It is also a way of saying “you missed what we planned last time, look don’t miss the forthcoming.”

The posters have as contents the topic/ theme that will be debated on, the guest speakers and their profiles, venue and the quota for maximum participants, registration fee, and what will be covered in terms of drinks, food and the seminar toolkit.

  • List of research books and their related discounts

This also proves the paramount importance of KMP to its members. Since workshops guest speakers at KMP events are great researchers with coursebooks or other books, the latter are obtained on discount.

Because demands are often greater than offers, those seminar/workshop participants who do not get copies of those books are likely to get them later under discount too. But negotiating such price discount with the authors is another token of KMP’s care for its members.

  • Registration of participants in forthcoming workshops and seminars by KMP committee members

Under this heading is the behaviour of those registering and those being registered for forthcoming workshop/seminar. It is the same form of relationship between the mandated and those who gave him/her the mandate. KMP committee members dress the list up humbly asking questions that are courteous like:

KMP committee member: (smiling) Silahkan ….namanya siapa, nomor HP Anda, ….(May I know your name, department and HP number,  please)?
Addressee (one being registered): Nyoma, …. PEP, O80000007000 (I’m Nyoma , from PEP, my HP number: O80000007000)
KMP committee member: Ini kuitansinya,….sampai ketemu di workshopnya ya….Terima kasih …(This is your receipt……see you later in the workshop…Thank you)
Addressee (one being registered): Makasih ya…. (Thanks a lot… [exits with benign smile…])
  • Observation’s weaknesses
  • There are many but a criticism targeted to observation as a data collecting instrument. According to Adler &Adler, post-positivists, in Denzin (ibid: 381) comment that:
  •  one of the chief criticisms against observation lies in the validity of the collected data. Observers are reproached of, without the benefits of members’ analyses, relying on their own perceptions. This opens a large road to bias resulting from subjective interpretation, itself resulting from the observer’s perceptive view of facts observed
  • Another not minor criticism is situated in the area of reliability. Such critiques advance the fact that observations, gathered according to personal patterns, are not credible. According to such a view, more accurate and credible should be observations conducted systematically and repeatedly over varying conditions.
  • Observer’s effect: the presence of the researcher/observer most of the time has a relative effect on the subjects’ real behaviours, i.e. the Hawthorne effect occurs: people usually perform better when they know they are being observed
  • Ethical problems: proponents of such criticism focus on the invasion of personal, sacred, and spaces of others.

References

Sugiyono. (2015). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta

Spradley, J. (1980).  Participant observation. Holt, Rinehart and Winston

Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1981). Effective evaluation: improving the usefulness of evaluation results through responsive and naturalistic approaches. San Francisco, Ca: Jossey-Bass.

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Wrapping Up

Today through “What’s Observation Research”, Oscar, the Brigre Researcher and Entrepreneurial Mentor, has given tips about how to earn money from home just sharing related tips online.

Yes…creating contents (textual/image/audio or video) to clarify confusing topics like this.

This didactic post is also fully documented as it’s a first-hand example where the Brigre Researcher conducted this observation research himself. So, it’s been an authentic and typical example of what’s Observation research is.

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Oscar

(1) Career Goal: To develop my skills in teaching, training, consulting and couple this experience with research and program/project evaluation, assisted by cutting-edge data analysis programmes/applications to "Bridge the Gap between Research and Entrepreneurship" (2) Why Do I Qualify to Guide You? As Co-founder/Associate at Former ODS Consultancy (A Consulting Board specialized in Market Surveys, Program/Project Evaluation and Research-Data Analysis Training), Now Associate of KANTAS Consulting, and PhD Student, Oscar is in the Position to Guide and Foil for You Woes/Foes in the Scammy World of Online Marketers!

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